Factors Affecting Child Development

Factors Affecting Child Development Basics for CTET Exam
Factors affecting Child Development:- Hello Guys, Today we will discuss some Factors affecting child development. By reading this article, we will easily understand which factors actually affect Child Development.

Factors Affecting Child Development:-  affected by a variety of factors ranging from societal, governmental policies to individual cognitive and physical abilities. Hence children enter school demonstrating various levels of readiness. Therefore it is essential that a teacher has a basic understanding of the factors, which affect the development of a child.

Understand that the ultimate effect of these factors on the child’s learning is molded by other conditions related to the child, its family, community, and society at large. In most cases, it is a combination of factors which determines the differential development among children. To help teachers assess the factors affecting a Child Development, they have been grouped into four primary areas:


  1. a)Environmental factors
  1. b)Biological factors
  1. c)Interpersonal relationships
  1. d)Early environments and experiences


  1. Environmental Factors on Child Development.      These factors are related to housing, safety, income of parents and their employment and educational status, and access to facilities for education.

Factors Affecting Child Development

  1. Biological Factors effects on Child Development.   These are factors related to gender, health (both physical and mental) and health practices.


  1. Interpersonal Relationships.  Relationships are particularly important as infants learn primarily through their relationship with others. Eye contact, smiles and imitation set the stage for more sustained communication and meaningful exchanges and engagement with parents and other caregivers, and a growing world of relationships. These are defined by the sense of attachment, Parenting styles and nature of social networks, so this is also an important factor affecting child development.


  1. Early Environments and Experiences effects on Child Development.   The most important early environment for an infant is its primary caregiver. How the primary caregiver responds to the child shapes the early brain pathways and builds the foundation for future learning. Early experiences involve all senses through Touch, Smell, Taste, Sight, Hearing. A child needs experiences like these to develop its social, emotional, language, cognitive, and physical skills which is very important for Child Development. Over time these experiences become more and more complex until it has reached the ability to think symbolically, build bridges between ideas, connect feelings and develop an understanding of how the world works. All this is done through continued reciprocal interactions with adults and peers.

Bruner Stage of Representation – Important for CTET & PSTET



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